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Health Schemes in Madhya Pradesh





1- Disease Control Programmes




3- Immunization

  • In pursuance of the World Health Assembly 1988, to eradicate polio by year 2000 AD. The Pulse Polio Immunization, in addition to routine polio immunization, was first started in the year 1995. Every child below 3 years of age was given two doses of oral polio drops with one month apart. In order to accelerate pace of polio eradication, the target age was increased to cover children below 5 years of age from 1996.
  • The modified IPPI (Intensified Pulse Polio Immunization) strategy included vaccination of children through fixed booth approach on first day, followed by extensive house-to-house search of missed children for vaccination. During these years new strategies were introduced to cover endemic states and the results were good. At present mostly the transmission is going in Uttar Pradesh & Bihar. All out efforts are being done to eradicate polio from these high risk areas.


4-FW & MCH


  • Rogi Kalyan Samiti are the registered societies constituted in the hospitals as an innovative mechanism to involve the peoples representatives in the management of the hospital with a view to improve its functioning through levying user charges.
  • Traditionally, in a welfare State the delivery of health care to general population has been within the domain of public sector. Health care institutions at the districts and sub-district level have been funded by the Government. It has been estimated that 5 percent of the GDF is spent on the health care. Of this more than three-quarters are financed by the private sector, which is mostly out-of-pocket. This large out-of-pocket expenditure on health care exists even though the role of the government in financing and providing almost free health care has been emphasized since the time of independence. A large population, challenges of infectious and communicable diseases on one hand and life style diseases like cancer, AIDS, and coronary diseases on the other hand, and improving medical technology are some of the factors which contribute to increased costs of financing health care However, the availability of funds has been grossly inadequate when compared to the requirement.
  • Over the years, people developed a mindset that welfare of the common masses was solely the responsibility of Government and it is the Government which is expected to provide the finances without people being required to make any contribution in this regard. Growing population stretched the facilities in Health institutions run by the Government to limits, where policy makers and the people were drawn together to think in terms of joint ventures to deliver better Health Care.
  • During the last few decades, there have been isolated efforts at involving the people in augmenting physical infrastructure in Government Health institutions. These efforts, however, were based on personal commitment and initiative. Given the short tenures of Government Officials, these initiatives could not be sustained. Therefore, a debate had been put on board to crystallize the idea of a system of sustainable Public-Private partnership for improved Health Care in the Government sector and implemented as Rogi Kalyan Samiti by Govt. order. Instead of assuming a zero-sum relationship between Government involvement and private co-operative efforts, some social capital theorists argue about the possibility of 'state-society synergy'. They hold the view that an active government and mobilized communities can enhance each other's developmental efforts. In the construction of synergy, micro level social capital has an important place. The Government of Madhya Pradesh has effectively drawn on this micro level social capital to construct this state society synergy. The Rogi Kalyan samiti scheme in the Health department is an example of how this synergy can be harnessed at the micro level.

  6- SIAF

  • The State Illness Assistance fund has been created in the state of Madhya Pradesh for providing grants to below poverty line cases that need major surgical procedures with in & out side the state. The scheme has been launched by the State Government to save the life of the people of below poverty line from 13 major diseases requiring surgery and treatment.. The State Illness Fund has been created from the Grant of Rs.10 crores and the amount is kept in Nationalized Bank.

 7- Social Welfare Schemes in Madhya Pradesh.

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